Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1202

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in upland forests & woodlands, esp in fairly xeric & sandy soils, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus velutina   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus velutina   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-020:
Quercus velutina   FAMILY Fagaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Black Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Quercus velutina

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_quve_001_lvd

        

image of Quercus velutina

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_velutina

January        

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    jkm0402c_10

February    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Bark of trunk very dark, heavily ridged, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    jkm0304m_18

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Quercus velutina

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu090702_1819

May    Oconee County    SC

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    s000517_c

May    Greenville County    SC

Leaf blades leathery, upper surfaces shiny, lower w tawny hairs along veins, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus velutina

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu83519

June    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaves vary greatly in shape, the lobes shallow where more shaded, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    jkm120728_057

July    Abbeville County    SC

Parson's Mountain Recreation Area

Inner bark yellowish to orange or reddish, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    jkm080917_002

September    Greenville County    SC

Nut often has a brownish pubescence; cup usually covers about 1/2, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus velutina

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_velutina_1_cc

September    Walker County    GA

Scales loose around the perimeter of cup, forming a fringe, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus velutina

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_velutina_9_6_05_6_c

September        

image of Quercus velutina

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_velutina_leaves

September        

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    jkm0510c_10

October    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Nut is 15-22mm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    s011021_ab

October    Greenville County    SC

Leaves variously lobed (deeper on higher branches and mature trees), per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Black, Northern Red, Scarlet and Shumard Oaks

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    s011022_ab

October    Greenville County    SC

Leaves rather thick, hairy along veins below, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus velutina

JK Marlow    jkm071123_001

November    Greenville County    SC