Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
Read more about Multiflora Rose at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 9 (2014)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 097-11-003:
Rosa multiflora FAMILY Rosaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm180414_322
April Polk County NC
Stipules comblike and fringed, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989).
JK Marlow jkm190425_7754
April Greenville County SC
Agressively invasive, per Weakley's Flora (2022).
Judy Gordon jegrosamulti_thorns
May Columbia County GA
Stems are green and armed with stout curved prickles, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).
JK Marlow jkm090510_002
May Greenville County SC
Sepals ... usually stipitate-glandular, per Flora of North America.
JK Marlow jkm200517_4985
May Transylvania County NC
DuPont State Forest
Flowers numerous in corymb, 1.5-4cm in diameter, per Flora of China.
JK Marlow s050715_b
July Greenville County SC
Stipules along the leaf-stalk base distinguish roses from other shrubs, per The Shrub Identification Book (Symonds, 1963).
JK Marlow s050715_c
July Greenville County SC
Multiflora Rose has leaves with 7-9 toothed leaflets and fringed stipules, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance).
JK Marlow jkm111026_065
October Greenville County SC
Swamp Rabbit Trail
Hip red, ellipsoid to ovoid, 6-9mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).
Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 9
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
- NC Botanical Garden
- NC Department of Transportation
- SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
- US Fish & Wildlife Service
- US Forest Service Southern Research Station
- Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014
IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems armed with many small prickles along the internodes
Odd-pinnately compound: 7-9 leaflets
Stipules conspicuous, pectinate, mostly adnate to the petiole
5 united sepals
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 1st ed. (Porcher & Rayner, 2001) p391
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p522
- Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control (Kaufman & Kaufman, 2007) p141
- A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (Miller, Chambliss, & Lowenstein, 2010) p048
- Invasive Exotic Plants of North Carolina (Smith, 2008) p022
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989) p068
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977) p318
- Wildflowers of Tennessee (Carman, 2005) p120
- Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005) p154
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p10
- Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont (Spira, 2011) p309
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p302
- Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region (Sorrie, 2011) p314
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".