Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1480

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Carolina Piedmont)

Look for it in moist bottomland forests, pocosin edges, mesic forests, ridgetop forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Tardily deciduous (semi-evergreen)
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Creamy yellow
5-merous

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Green/Purplish
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Symplocos tinctoria   FAMILY Symplocaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Symplocos tinctoria   FAMILY Symplocaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 151-01-001:
Symplocos tinctoria   FAMILY Symplocaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Horsesugar, Sweetleaf


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm100314_067

March    Decatur County    GA

Terminal bud present, larger than laterals, somewhat conical, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm120330_317

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Showy tuft-like flower clusters in leaf axils of previous year's branches, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm120330_318

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm0404g_01

April    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Tardily deciduous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm090425_070

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

Conspicuous when in flower, flowers opening before new leaves, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm090425_072

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

Each flower has 5 light yellow petals 6-8mm long, many light yellow stamens, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm120424_455

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm120424_457

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Symplocos tinctoria

Mark A. Musselman    mam_horsesugar040210d

April    Dorchester County    SC

Audubon Center at Francis Beidler Forest

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm0505k_34

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm120616_912

June    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Leaves finely hairy beneath, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm120825_958

August    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm120825_961

August    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Mostly evergreen with thick, leathery leaf blades, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm0509l_04

September    Transylvania County    NC

A subcoriaceous evergreen appearance, but here only semi-evergreen, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

Ron Lance    rwl_stinctoria

September    Oconee County    SC

Fruit is an oblong drupe, pelletlike, purplish after maturity, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    jkm0310i_14

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Symplocos tinctoria

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_symplocos_tinctoria

November        

image of Symplocos tinctoria

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_symplocos_tinctoria_2

November        

image of Symplocos tinctoria

JK Marlow    s071101_ab

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Leaves somewhat sweet, but variable plant to plant/season to season, per Weakley's Flora.