Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1517

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of mesic to rather dry forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal: a solitary leaf

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Yellowish-brown
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Tipularia discolor   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Tipularia discolor   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-16-001:
Tipularia discolor   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Tipularia unifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Cranefly Orchid


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm0401e_03

January    Greenville County    SC

Each plant puts out a single leaf to absorb sunlight all winter, per Great Smoky Mountains Wildflowers.

image of Tipularia discolor

Roxanna Martin    rlm21212_cmp33

February    Spartanburg County    SC

Perennial from a swollen underground stem with only a few spongy roots, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm120403_369

April    Henderson County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm180728_3516

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Tipularia discolor

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_tipularia_discolor

July        

image of Tipularia discolor

Gill Newberry    gn08_t_discolor_flowers

August        

Flowers greenish, lemon-yellow, rust-brown or purplish, on slender pedicels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm0308o_29

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm070802_013

August    Pickens County    SC

Flowers have narrow sepals and petals and are about 1/2-3/4" wide, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Tipularia discolor

Tim Spira    tpstdiscolor2

August        

Flower scape has 20-40 flowers in a loosely arranged raceme, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Tipularia discolor

Don Lewis    tdl_1354

August?    Greenville County    SC

Firefly Forest

Its loose arrangement and subdued flower colors provide camouflage, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm180926_5027

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Tipularia discolor

Gill Newberry    gn11_tipularia_discolor

November        

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm0312a_10

December    Greenville County    SC

Fruits are hanging ellipsoid capsules, about 0.5" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    jkm0312b_25

December    Greenville County    SC

The single leaf is green above and purplish beneath, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Tipularia discolor

JK Marlow    s031226_a

December    Greenville County    SC