Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1912

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Look for it in pocosins, moist savanna edges, edges of moist hardwood forests, bluff seepages, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Blue/ Violet
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed corolla
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Gentiana catesbaei   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gentiana catesbaei   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 155-02-009:
Gentiana catesbaei   FAMILY Gentianaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Dasystephana parvifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Coastal Plain Gentian, Catesby's Gentian, Elliott's Gentian


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gentiana catesbaei

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_dapa3_001_lvd

        

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Keith Bradley    kab_g_catesbaei_4696

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Rob Hunnings    rlh_harvestbells_20131025

October    Brunswick County    NC

Green Swamp

Stem more robust and flowers longer & larger than those of G. saponaria, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Rob Hunnings    rlh_harvestbells20131025b

October    Brunswick County    NC

Green Swamp

Calyx lobes are oblanceolate and 10-35mm long by 1.5-7mm wide, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_8439437214_0eb48388ee

October    Orange County    

North Carolina Botanical Garden

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_gcatesbaei_1from238

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

Though technically bisexual, gentians develop mature pollen-bearing anthers...

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_gcatesbaei_2from7213

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

... before the female parts mature, a timing sequence known as protandry, per Book of Swamp and Bog.

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_gcatesbaei_from655

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_gcatesbaei_from738b

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

More likely than G. saponaria to have several corollas open at one time, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_gcatesbaei_from738d

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

The mechanism of sequentially unisexual flowers prevents self-fertilization, per Book of Swamp and Bog.

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_gcatesbaei_leaves

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

Leaves mostly 1-3" long, widest near the base, finely toothed along margins, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Gentiana catesbaei

Will Stuart    wil_gcatesbaei_syrphid

October    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

Corollas range from closed to open; lobes noticeably longer than appendages, per Gentians of the Eastern US.