Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


272

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native: south central US
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Commonly cultivated

Look for it in bottomlands. Eastward it is persistent around dwellings and in pecan orchards, escaped to suburban woodlands, rural forest edges and floodplains, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 11-19 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-3 lobed
Inferior ovary
Staminate flowers in elongate catkins

FRUIT:
Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Carya illinoinensis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Carya illinoinensis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 053-02-002:
Carya illinoensis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria pecan

 

COMMON NAME:
Pecan


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_cail2_004_lvd

        

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_hipe_001_lvd

        

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_illinoensis_3

January        

Bark brownish, in scaly plates, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    jkm080204_020

February    Greenville County    SC

The spelling of the specific epithet has been a source of controversy, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

Gill Newberry    gn04_c_illinoensis_male_c

April        

Staminate flowers in prominent cylindrical catkins, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    jkm130513_958

May    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    s040529_g

May    Oconee County    SC

Field

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    s040529_h

May    Oconee County    SC

Field

Leaves with 9-17 leaflets, often having long curved (falcate) tips, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_illinoensis

June        

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    jkm080816_030

August    Greenville County    SC

Leaf lower surfaces pale and soft-pubescent, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    jkm080816_033

August    Greenville County    SC

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

Gill Newberry    gn10_c_illinoensis_pecans

October        

Husk of fruits is about 1mm thick and winged or keeled, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_illinoensis_4

November        

Buds dark gray; twigs hairy, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_illinoensis_8

November        

Fruit husks 2-4mm thick, but shrivel quickly after falling, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    jkm081208_006

December    Greenville County    SC

60mph Tree ID is made easier by the nut husks left on twigs (tree hairbows?)

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

JK Marlow    jkm081208_015

December    Greenville County    SC

In Carya the husk is derived from bract and bracteoles not the sepals, per Evolution, Phylogeny, and Systematics of Juglandaceae (Manos & Stone, 2001).

picture of Carya illinoensis, image of Carya illinoinensis

Ron Lance    jkm110219_636a

Month Unknown