Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


301

Semi-aquatic shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on streambanks, riverbanks, depressional wetlands, lakes, often in standing water, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Opposite or whorled

FLOWER:
Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-lobed calyx, crowded & indistinct
4-lobed tubular corolla
4 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Reddish/Greenish/Brown
Nutlet

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Cephalanthus occidentalis   FAMILY Rubiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cephalanthus occidentalis   FAMILY Rubiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 173-02-001:
Cephalanthus occidentalis   FAMILY Rubiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Buttonbush


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ceoc2_001_lvd

        

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_ceoc2_005_lvd

        

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_ceoc2_009_lvd

        

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm070328_012

March    Greenville County    SC

Fruit a globular head of seed superficially similar to small sycamore fruit, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm160416_236

April    Lowndes County    GA

Rubiaceae is distinctive in that the stipules of opposite leaves are connate, per Plant Systematics.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm150529_115

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves opposite or whorled 3-4 to the node & up to about 7" long x 4" wide, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm150529_118

May    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm0506k_04b

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Leaves ovate to elliptic, tips cuspidate or acute, margins entire, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm0506k_04c

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm0506k_20

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

A large coarse wetland shrub, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm0506k_25

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm130628_319

June    Cherokee County    NC

Murphy River Walk

Numerous sessile flowers radiating in dense spherical heads, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm130628_319b

June    Cherokee County    NC

Murphy River Walk

Small tubular flowers with protruding styles in dense pincushion-like heads, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_occidentalis_5

July        

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

Gill Newberry    gn08_c_occidentallis_bran

August        

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm0509g_04

September    Cabarrus County    NC

Suther Prairie

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

JK Marlow    jkm0509g_13

September    Cabarrus County    NC

Suther Prairie

Fruit a dense head of nutlets, reddish-brown, persisting through the winter, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Cephalanthus occidentalis, image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_occidentalis_button

Month Unknown    DeKalb County    AL

Little River Canyon

Admired in Europe, but largely unappreciated in the southeast US, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.