Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


506

Shrub
Perennial

Non-native: China/Japan
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
NC Botanical Garden
NC Department of Transportation
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC Native Plant Society
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Semi-persistant
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Silvery-white/Yellow
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-merous
4-lobed salverform calyx
Petals absent
4 inserted stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Reddish-brown/Pinkish
Drupe-like

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 134-01-002:
Elaeagnus umbellata   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

LESS THAN & ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Elaeagnus umbellatus

 

COMMON NAME:
Autumn Olive, Spring Silverberry


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120330_183

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

A noxious weed shrub, sadly still sometimes promoted for "wildlife plantings", per Weakley's Flora.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120330_183b

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Calyx tube is slender and longer than the lobes, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120330_184

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaf blade adaxially sparsely scaly when young, per Flora of China.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080426_009

April    Greenville County    SC

The peltate scales of leaf lower surface uniformly silver, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Elaeagnus species

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm160402_007

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm160402_008

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm160403_235

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm160403_237

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm160403_241

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeumbellata_leefalls

April-May?    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140525_215

May    Henderson County    NC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140718_981

July    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140718_983

July    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm081019_009

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek

Fruiting in the fall, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm081019_009b

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek

Fruits are borne in great numbers on 1/4" stalks & appear to encircle stem, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm081019_009c

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek

Round red juicy drupe, finely dotted with silver/silvery-brown scales, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Elaeagnus species

image of Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

JK Marlow    jkm081019_010

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek