Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


614

Tree
Perennial

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in GA Coastal Plain & GA Mtns)

Look for it in woodlands, forests (generally bottomlands), fencerows, often planted as a street tree, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Pinnately or bipinnately compound (evenly) (often on the same plant)
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-yellow
Bisexual & unisexual
3-5 sepals
3-5 petals
3-10 exserted stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Gleditsia triacanthos   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gleditsia triacanthos   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-06-001:
Gleditsia triacanthos   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Honey Locust


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gltr_001_lvd

        

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_gltr_009_lhd

        

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_gltr_011_lvd

        

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm0401e_21

January    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Fruit a brown legume 6-18" long containing a sticky sugar-rich pulp, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

Roxanna Martin    rlm42911_3

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_gleditsia_triacanthos

April        

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm0405v_17

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm130513_941

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Pistillate flowers in solitary racemes (fewer-fowered than staminate racemes), per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm130513_943

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Legumes just beginning to emerge.

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

Roxanna Martin    rlm5210_091

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Staminate flowers numerous, in often fascicled racemes 5-10cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

Roxanna Martin    rlm5210_091b

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers greenish-yellow, 1/4" long, clustered in compact racemes, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_triacanthos_8

May        MA

Arnold Arboretum

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_triacanthos_sunburs

May        MA

Arnold Arboretum

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm0406l_20

June    Pickens County    SC

Field

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm0406m_15

June    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    s100701_a

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_triacanthos_4

September        

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    s081018_c

October    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Leaves either pinnate (18-28 leaflets) or bipinnate (8-14 pinnae), per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE bipinnately or tripinnately compound leaves of trees

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm0311h_25

November    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Strong thorns are frequently branched, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Gleditsia triacanthos

JK Marlow    jkm061111_028

November    Chester County    SC

Field