Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


781

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in acidic forests, bluffs, bogs, along sandhill streams, & in a wide range of other habitats, nearly ubiquitous in the mountains, up to at least 1600m, more restricted in habitat in lower Piedmont & Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White/Pink
Bisexual
5 sepals
5-lobed corolla
10 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Kalmia latifolia   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Kalmia latifolia   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 145-08-001:
Kalmia latifolia   FAMILY Ericaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Mountain Laurel, Ivy, Calico-bush, Mountain Ivy


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Kalmia latifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_kala_001_lvd

        

image of Kalmia latifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_kala_005_lvd

        

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0502b_14

February    Oconee County    SC

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0403l_12

March    Oconee County    SC

Devils Fork State Park

Bark is brown, thinly furrowed or flaky, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0503a_08

March    Greenville County    SC

Paris Mountain State Park

image of Kalmia latifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_k_latifolia_mtn

April    Fulton County    GA

Atlanta History Center

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0305f_12

May    Greenville County    SC

Caesars Head State Park

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0305x_30

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

The corolla, of 5 fused petals, is about 0.5" broad, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm160504_393

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Kalmia latifolia

Kevin Adams    kcakalmialatifolia_w15

May        NC

Mount PIsgah

Each flower resembles an umbrella whose ribs are made from arched stamens, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

image of Kalmia latifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_kalmia_latifolia_2

May        

image of Kalmia latifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_kalmia_latifolia_6

May        

image of Kalmia latifolia

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmklatif_pinkclearwater

May-June    Pinellas County    FL

image of Kalmia latifolia

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmklatifolia_columbia2

May-June    Richland County    SC

All Kalmia's foliage and wood (and the smoke from burning them) are poisonous, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140607_529

June    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

Usually with purple around the 10 pockets in which the anthers are fitted, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Kalmia latifolia

Ron Lance    rwl_kalmia_latifolia_b

June    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0107e_31

July    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060710_038

July    Tucker County    WV

Monongahela National Forest

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0410i_27

October    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

R. Maximum is in the center; on right R. carolinianum; on left Kalmia latifolia

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0311f_12

November    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    s081221_c

December    Oconee County    SC

Leaves 2.5-12 cm long, petiole 7-45 mm long, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Kalmia and Rhododendron species

image of Kalmia latifolia

JK Marlow    s081221_d

December    Oconee County    SC


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaf undersides of Kalmia and Rhododendron species