Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


886

Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont)

Look for it in pine flatwoods, savannas, pocosin-sandhill ecotones, dry rocky woodlands in the lower Piedmont (esp with chestnut oak), per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Deciduous or Semi-evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Bisexual
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed urceolate corolla
10 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Lyonia mariana   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lyonia mariana   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 145-11-004:
Lyonia mariana   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Neopieris mariana

 

COMMON NAME:
Staggerbush


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lyonia mariana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_lyma2_001_lvd

        

image of Lyonia mariana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_nema4_001_lvd

        

image of Lyonia mariana

JK Marlow    jkm060423_087

April    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Corolla more than 5mm broad, usually white, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lyonia mariana

JK Marlow    jkm060423_088

April    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Flower size alone (3/8-5/8" length) distinguishes this from other Lyonia, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Lyonia mariana

JK Marlow    jkm090516_146

May    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

image of Lyonia mariana

JK Marlow    jkm090516_146b

May    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Broadly elliptic leaves ascending at 45 degrees, w bright pink axillary buds, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Lyonia mariana

JK Marlow    jkm090516_202

May    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Flowers subtended by conspicuous purplish-red 1/4-3/8" sepals, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Lyonia mariana

JK Marlow    jkm090516_206

May    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest