Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


902

Shrub
Perennial

Non-native: China
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Piedmont (rare elesewhere), but naturalizing widely in the Southeast

Look for it in deciduous forests in suburban areas, spread from plantings, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC Native Plant Society
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Forest Service Southern Research Station

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Odd-pinnately compound: 9-13(15) leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Winter/Spring
Yellow
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3-merous
6 sepals
6 petals
6 stamens
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary racemes

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Blue
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Berberis bealei   FAMILY Berberidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Mahonia bealei   FAMILY Berberidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 077-02-001:
Mahonia bealei   FAMILY Berberidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Berberis bealei

 

COMMON NAME:
Leatherleaf Mahonia, Chinese Mahonia, Holly-grape


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm160103_126

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm160103_128

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Flowers yellow with three whorls of sepals and one whorl of petals, per Flora of China.

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm0403q_34

March    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm0403q_35

March    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

A clumsy, upright, coarse, evergreen shrub growing 6-10'(12) high, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm160311_212

March    Greenville County    SC

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm160311_221

March    Greenville County    SC

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm0404zc_20

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Fruit is a bluish berry maturing in July-August, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm0504c_12

April    Greenville County    SC

Naturalizing widely in the southeastern United States, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm0504f_35

April    Greenville County    SC

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    s040429_ab

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Leaflet blades with 2-7 teeth per side; leaflets very thick and stiff, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE pinnately compound leaves of shrubs

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm061126_024

November    Greenville County    SC

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm061126_033

November    Greenville County    SC

Axillary racemes of bright yellow flowers, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm151212_056

December    Greenville County    SC

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm151212_058

December    Greenville County    SC

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

JK Marlow    jkm151212_059

December    Greenville County    SC

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org    bug_5397262

Month Unknown        Hungary

Leaflets sessile on the rachis, which appears jointed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org    bug_5398955

Month Unknown        Hungary

picture of Mahonia bealei, image of Berberis bealei

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5421954

Month Unknown