Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1088

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Formerly widespread, now rare (but common locally), endemic to SE Coastal Plain

Look for it formerly throughout the Coastal Plain, Sandhills & lower Piedmont, on a wide variety of soils (sandy, loamy, clayey, or peaty) from very dry to very wet conditions, in savannas, woodlands, & forests affected by relatively frequent natural (lightning-caused) fires (likely augmented by native Americans), now reduced to less than a tenth of its former abundance by a variety of forces, including turpentining, timbering, free-range hogs, fire suppression, and "site conversion" by foresters to other trees, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Needles 10-18" long
Needles 3 per bundle

"FLOWER":
Spring
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Pinus palustris   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pinus palustris   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 016-01-002:
Pinus palustris   FAMILY Pinaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Longleaf Pine, Georgia Pine, Southern Pine