Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1088

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Formerly widespread, now rare (but common locally), endemic to SE Coastal Plain

Look for it formerly throughout the Coastal Plain, Sandhills & lower Piedmont, on a wide variety of soils (sandy, loamy, clayey, or peaty) from very dry to very wet conditions, in savannas, woodlands, & forests affected by relatively frequent natural (lightning-caused) fires (likely augmented by native Americans), now reduced to less than a tenth of its former abundance by a variety of forces, including turpentining, timbering, free-range hogs, fire suppression, and "site conversion" by foresters to other trees, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Needles 10-18" long
Needles 3 per bundle

"FLOWER":
Spring
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Pinus palustris   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pinus palustris   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 016-01-002:
Pinus palustris   FAMILY Pinaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Longleaf Pine, Georgia Pine, Southern Pine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pinus palustris

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pipa2_001_lvd

        

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm0504j_11

April    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Needles densely crowded at branch ends in a distinctive arrangement, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm060423_031

April    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Originally the dominant pine in the coastal southern forests, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm060423_032

April    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm110415_460

April    Carroll County    GA

Fascicle sheaths 1/2-1" long, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm110415_465

April    Carroll County    GA

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm110415_467

April    Carroll County    GA

Cones 15-25cm, with short stout prickles, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm130406_734

April    Richmond County    GA

Fort Gordon

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm130406_738

April    Richmond County    GA

Fort Gordon

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm130406_797

April    Richmond County    GA

Fort Gordon

The state tree of North Carolina.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm130406_868

April    Richmond County    GA

Fort Gordon

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm130406_873

April    Richmond County    GA

Fort Gordon

This species has been heavily exploited for timber & turpentine, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm180504_1676

May    Meriwether-Talbot Counties    GA

Sprewell Bluff WMA

The twigs are very stout, a half inch or more in diameter, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm180505_1711

May    Pike County    GA

Camp Thunder VPA

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm180505_1714

May    Pike County    GA

Camp Thunder VPA

Bark gray-brown, thick in mature trees, w flat, scaly, reddish-brown plates, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm180505_1720

May    Pike County    GA

Camp Thunder VPA

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm180505_1725

May    Pike County    GA

Camp Thunder VPA

The young stems resemble large candles before leaves appear, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Pinus palustris

Steve Marlow    snm090516_034

May    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

image of Pinus palustris

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_palustris

August        

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    s050827_a

August    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Needles 10-18" long, 3 per fascicle, coarse, flexible, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm161001_021

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm161001_023

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

This year's seedling.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm161001_027

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

The plant looks like a tuft of coarse grass for the first 5-7 years, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Pinus palustris

JK Marlow    jkm161001_773

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Pinus palustris

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_palustris_2

November        

image of Pinus palustris

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_palustris_26

November        

image of Pinus palustris

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_palustris_3

November