Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1091

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in NC Mountains, uncommon elsewhere in GA-NC-SC, rare in Coastal Plain

Look for it primarily on dry ridges, more or less requiring fire for its reproduction, less commonly in peat soils of mountain bogs (and then often at elevations of 800-1000m) and also scattered through a variety of forest types, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Needles normally 3-4" long
Needles 3 per bundle

"FLOWER":
Spring
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Pinus rigida   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pinus rigida   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 016-01-006:
Pinus rigida   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Pinus rigida ssp. rigida

 

COMMON NAME:
Pitch Pine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pinus rigida

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_piri_001_lvd

        

image of Pinus rigida

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_piri_005_lvd

        

image of Pinus rigida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_rigida

March        

Needles usually 3 per bundle, stiff, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Pinus rigida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_rigida_2

March        

Cones with a wide flat base when open; prickles sharp, downcurved, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Pinus rigida

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_rigida_3

March        

Tufts of needles can sometimes be seen growing on trunk (epicormic buds), per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Pinus rigida

JK Marlow    jkm160504_358

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

image of Pinus rigida

JK Marlow    jkm160504_361

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

Pollen cones yellow-green w purple tinge, clustered at base of terminal bud, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus rigida

JK Marlow    jkm160504_363

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

Cones 3-8cm long, egg-shaped when closed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Pinus rigida

JK Marlow    jkm160504_400

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

Pollen cones shedding pollen.

image of Pinus rigida

JK Marlow    jkm150912_122

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Pinus rigida

JK Marlow    jkm0511a_31

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Bark is dark, divided into rough, irregular scaly plates and ridges, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Pinus rigida

JK Marlow    jkm0511a_32

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Bark scales lack the distinctive pitch pockets oft found in Shortleaf Pine, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.