Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may also want to check Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina
Learn more about Eastern Hemlock from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Eastern Hemlock, Canada Hemlock
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm060521_155
May Macon County NC
Highlands Biological Station
Bark brown to red-brown, scaly, becoming thick and forming plates or ridges, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.
JK Marlow jkm080802_152
August Transylvania County NC
Blue Ridge Parkway
The tiny hemlock woolly adelgid has left a trail of dead hemlocks, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.
JK Marlow jkm140816_698
August Jackson County NC
High Hampton Inn
Seed cone of T. canadensis on left, that of T. caroliniana on right.
COMPARE conifers (not including Pines)
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_t_canadensis_leaves_1
September Walker County GA
Needles 3/8" to 3/4" long, flexible, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_tsuga_canadensis_s
Cones pendant, small, with thin scales, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.
COMPARE cones of Fir, Hemlock and Spruce
JK Marlow s041226_b
December Greenville County SC
Caesars Head State Park
Needles 2-ranked, flattened, with 2 narrow whitish bands of stomata beneath, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.
COMPARE needles of Fir, Hemlock and Spruce
L.L. (Chick) Gaddy llg_deadhemlocks
Month Unknown Haywood County NC
Dead Canada hemlock in high elevation cove forest in Pigeon River headwaters, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.
L.L. (Chick) Gaddy llg_hemlocks
Left: leaves (needles) of Carolina hemlock. Right: Canada or eastern hemlock, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.