Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may also want to check Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina
Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales
Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine
Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.
Gill Newberry gn04_p_virginiana_female
Seed cones maturing in 2 yrs, persisting to 5 yrs, w slender, stiff prickles, per Flora of North America.
Gill Newberry gn04_p_virginiana_males
Pollen cones ellipsoid-cylindric, 10-20mm, red-brown or yellow, per Flora of North America.
JK Marlow s050416_e
April Greenville County SC
Needles in a cluster of 2, rather stiff and twisted, normally 1.5-2.5" long, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.
JK Marlow jkm0405t_12
May Transylvania County NC
DuPont State Forest
Cones open at maturity, but persist for at least several years, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.
JK Marlow jkm0410k_25
October Greenville County SC
Virginia Pine on left, Loblolly Pine on right
Gill Newberry gn11_pinus_v_bark
Bark thicker on lower trunk than on upper, with grayish scaly ridges, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.
Gill Newberry gn11_pinus_v_old_trunks
Trunk long and frequently crooked and lined with dead branches, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.