Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1086

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on dry rocky ridges & slopes, sandhills, old fields, forests, generally in rather xeric sites, but also occurring in mesic to even wet sites, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Needles 2.5-4" long
Needles usually 2 (sometimes 3) per bundle

"FLOWER":
Spring
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Pinus echinata   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pinus echinata   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 016-01-008:
Pinus echinata   FAMILY Pinaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pinus echinata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_piec2_001_lvd

        

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm130128_181

January    Spartanburg County    SC

Mature bark: irregular flat-topped plates scaling off in thin layers, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm0402d_26

February    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm130330_523

March    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm130330_525

March    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm130330_527b

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Cones ovoid, 1.5-2.5" long, opening at maturity but remaining on tree, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm130407_974

April    Columbia County    GA

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    s050416_d

April    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Needles usually 2 (sometimes 3) per bundle, 2.5-4" long, usually straight, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Pinus echinata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_3

July        

image of Pinus echinata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_4

July        

Mature seed cones almost stalkless; the prickles often deciduous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_5

July        

image of Pinus echinata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_51

July        

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm170826_785

August    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Pinus echinata

Gill Newberry    gn09_pinus_echinata

September        

A tree to 70-100' tall and 2-3' in diameter, long-lived (to 400 years old), per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata

October        

Flat irregular plates often have numerous, small, conspicuous resin pockets, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata

Gill Newberry    gn11_p_echinata_cone_and_

November        

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm071101_026

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Bark is red-brown, with broad plates, resin pockets between the bark layers, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm071101_028

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Note the resin ducts in the bark. — Patrick McMillan

image of Pinus echinata

JK Marlow    jkm071101_031

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Pinus echinata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_2

November