Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1086

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on dry rocky ridges & slopes, sandhills, old fields, forests, generally in rather xeric sites, but also occurring in mesic to even wet sites, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Needles 2.5-4" long
Needles usually 2 (sometimes 3) per bundle

"FLOWER":
Spring
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Pinales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Pinus echinata   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pinus echinata   FAMILY Pinaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 016-01-008:
Pinus echinata   FAMILY Pinaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_piec2_001_lvd

        

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm130128_181

January    Spartanburg County    SC

Mature bark: irregular flat-topped plates scaling off in thin layers, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Keith Bradley    kab_pinus_echinata_0264

January    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm0402d_26

February    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm130330_523

March    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm130330_525

March    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm130330_527b

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Cones ovoid, 1.5-2.5" long, opening at maturity but remaining on tree, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm130407_974

April    Columbia County    GA

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    s050416_d

April    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Needles usually 2 (sometimes 3) per bundle, 2.5-4" long, usually straight, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_3

July        

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_4

July        

Mature seed cones almost stalkless; the prickles often deciduous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_5

July        

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_51

July        

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm170826_785

August    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Gill Newberry    gn09_pinus_echinata

September        

A tree to 70-100' tall and 2-3' in diameter, long-lived (to 400 years old), per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata

October        

Flat irregular plates often have numerous, small, conspicuous resin pockets, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Gill Newberry    gn11_p_echinata_cone_and_

November        

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm071101_026

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Bark is red-brown, with broad plates, resin pockets between the bark layers, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm071101_028

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Note the resin ducts in the bark. — Patrick McMillan

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

JK Marlow    jkm071101_031

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Pinus echinata, Shortleaf Pine, Yellow Pine, Rosemary Pine

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pinus_echinata_2

November