Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1183

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain south of VA)

Look for it in xeric upland forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus coccinea   FAMILY Fagaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus coccinea +   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-021:
Quercus coccinea   FAMILY Fagaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Scarlet Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Quercus coccinea

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_coccinea_4

January        

Bark on upper trunk, light to dark gray with lighter streaks, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus coccinea

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25812

May    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Quercus coccinea

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_coccinea_9_6_05_1

September        

Bark at base on mature trees dark brown to blackish, often rough & blocky, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus coccinea

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_coccinea_9_6_05_11

September        

Acorn cup thick, covering 1/3-1/2 of nut; nut 15-20mm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus coccinea

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_coccinea_9_6_05_13

September        

Nut usually with concentric rings at apex, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus coccinea

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_coccinea_leaves

September        

Leaf base rounded, truncate, or shortly tapered, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus coccinea

JK Marlow    s011027_b

October    Greenville County    SC

Lf base truncate, glossy light green above, tufts of axillary tomentum below, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

image of Quercus coccinea

JK Marlow    jkm181031_5439

November    Greenville County    SC

Leaves shiny-green below, virtually hairless except in vein axils, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus coccinea

JK Marlow    jkm181031_5443

November    Greenville County    SC

Small tufts of hair in axils of main veins below, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Quercus coccinea

JK Marlow    s011111_l

November    Greenville County    SC

Leaves deeply 5-9 lobed, sinuses rounded, larger lobes with 3+ bristles, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Pin Oak, Scarlet Oak, Shumard Oak and Texas Oak