Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1184

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in NC Mountains)

Look for it in upland forests, usually xeric, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus falcata   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus falcata   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-022a:
Quercus falcata var. falcata   FAMILY Fagaceae

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Quercus falcata var. triloba

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Quercus falcata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_qutr3_001_lvd

        

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0501c_17

January    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0402d_34

February    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Bark grayish to black, roughly ridged and furrowed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0504g_32

April    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

Staminate flowers in clustered, drooping catkins, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm130420_445

April    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Pistillate flowers with 3-lobed stigmas, solitary or in few-flowered spikes, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    s030520_a

May    Greenville County    SC

Terminal lobe usually longest, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0506j_37

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    s050620_ab

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Leaves grayish and densely hairy below, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0407r_37

July    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

image of Quercus falcata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_falcata_leaves

September        

image of Quercus falcata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_falcata_bark

September        

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0510a_24

October    Greenville County    SC

North Greenville College

Thin, pubescent, reddish-brown cup usualy covers 1/3 of the rounded nut, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0211h_04

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    jkm0511d_28

November    Greenville County    SC

image of Quercus falcata

JK Marlow    s021116_b

November    Anderson County    SC

Leaves conspicuously U-shaped at base, terminal lobe frequently strap-shaped, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Cherrybark Oak and Southern Red Oak