Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1184

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in NC Mountains)

Look for it in upland forests, usually xeric, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers
Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Quercus falcata   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus falcata   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 055-03-022a:
Quercus falcata var. falcata   FAMILY Fagaceae

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Quercus falcata var. triloba

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_qutr3_001_lvd

        

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0501c_17

January    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0402d_34

February    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Bark grayish to black, roughly ridged and furrowed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0504g_32

April    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

Staminate flowers in clustered, drooping catkins, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm130420_445

April    Transylvania County    NC

Foothills Trail

Pistillate flowers with 3-lobed stigmas, solitary or in few-flowered spikes, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    s030520_a

May    Greenville County    SC

Terminal lobe usually longest, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0506j_37

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    s050620_ab

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Leaves grayish and densely hairy below, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0407r_37

July    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_falcata_leaves

September        

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_falcata_bark

September        

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0510a_24

October    Greenville County    SC

North Greenville College

Thin, pubescent, reddish-brown cup usualy covers 1/3 of the rounded nut, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0211h_04

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0511d_28

November    Greenville County    SC

image of Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

JK Marlow    s021116_b

November    Anderson County    SC

Leaves conspicuously U-shaped at base, terminal lobe frequently strap-shaped, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Cherrybark Oak and Southern Red Oak