OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales
Genus: Quercus     Subgenus: Quercus     Section: Quercus (white oaks)    

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Quercus montana   FAMILY Fagaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus montana   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Quercus montana

SYNONYMOUS WITH (NAME REJECTED, PROBABLY MISAPPLIED & A SOURCE OF CONFUSION) Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Quercus prinus

SYNONYMOUS WITH (NAME REJECTED, PROBABLY MISAPPLIED & A SOURCE OF CONFUSION) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 055-03-008:
Quercus prinus   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Quercus montana

 

COMMON NAME:
Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0402b_23

February    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Proper application of Linnaeus' name "Q. prinus" is controversial & unclear, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0402c_05

February    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Bark deeply furrowed into elongate ridges that are wide at the base, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm080329_050

March    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

Acorn 1 to 1.5" long, cup fairly thin, enclosing 1/3 to 1/2 of nut, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm150322_915

March    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_montana_bark_1

March    Floyd County    GA

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0504q_05

April    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm220421_7169

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Forest

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmqmontana_flwrpc1

April    Pickens County    SC

Poe Creek State Forest

Staminate flowers in pendulous catkins near base of current year's twig, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    s040417_b

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Ron Lance    rwl1197_a

May        

Leaf blades nearly elliptical, margins coarsely and irregularly toothed, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Chestnut Oaks and Chinquapin Oaks

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Gill Newberry    gn09_q_montana_acorn_1

September        

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm200920_7259

September    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_montana_9_6_05_16

September        

Bark has a high tannin concentration and was once used for tanning leather, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_q_montana_leaves

September        

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_quercus_montana_2

September        

Yellow petiole 10-32mm long, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    s050904_f

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    s050906_a

September    Greenville County    SC

Leaves mostly obovate, with rounded teeth, teeth sometimes with a minute mucro, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

Gill Newberry    gn10_quercus_montana_bud

October        

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm0211e_20a

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm081103_045

November    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Commonly on steep and rocky slopes, dry ridges & in sunny foothill forests, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    jkm201107_8051b

November    Greenville County    SC

Caesars Head State Park

image of Quercus montana, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Oak, Tanbark Oak

JK Marlow    s021110_abd

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Evenly spaced lateral veins each terminate in a large rounded tooth, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Quercus montana   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Quercus montana   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Quercus montana

SYNONYMOUS WITH (NAME REJECTED, PROBABLY MISAPPLIED & A SOURCE OF CONFUSION) Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Quercus prinus

SYNONYMOUS WITH (NAME REJECTED, PROBABLY MISAPPLIED & A SOURCE OF CONFUSION) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 055-03-008:
Quercus prinus   FAMILY Fagaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Quercus montana

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1197

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Habitat: Xeric forests of ridges and slopes, shale barrens, occasionally in mesic situations especially where rocky, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, 5-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-8 lobed, pistillate calyx 6-lobed
Petals absent
3-12 stamens in staminate flowers

Staminate flowers in clustered drooping catkins

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Acorn

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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