Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


743

Shrub
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere, where probably introduced)

Look for it in maritime forests, other dry sandy forests. Also, it is increasingly popular as an ornamental shrub, and is persistent or establishing in suburban woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White/Greenish-white
Usually unisexual
4-merous
4 sepals
4 petals

FRUIT:
Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Aquifoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ilex vomitoria   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex vomitoria   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 112-01-003:
Ilex vomitoria   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Yaupon Holly, Yaupon


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ilex vomitoria

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ilvo_001_lvd

        

image of Ilex vomitoria

JK Marlow    jkm0502d_3031

February    Georgetown County    SC

Huntington Beach State Park

Increasingly popular as an ornamental shrub, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ilex vomitoria

JK Marlow    s050227_g

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaves leathery, oval to elliptic, to 3cm long, margins revolute, crenate, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Ilex vomitoria

JK Marlow    s050227_h

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

image of Ilex vomitoria

JK Marlow    jkm0303e_23

March    Beaufort County    SC

Hunting Island State Park

Fruit often persists through the winter, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Ilex vomitoria

JK Marlow    jkm080301_061

March    Charleston County    SC

Santee Coastal Reserve

Fruit a red drupe, ~ 1/4" in diam, solitary or in clusters in leaf axils, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Ilex vomitoria

Paul Thompson    pstilex_vomitoria_nana

September?        

'Nana' - Dwarf Yaupon Holly. Twigs are grey; new leaves are reddish. — Clemson Extension

image of Ilex vomitoria

JK Marlow    jkm161105_048

November    Georgetown County    SC

Huntington Beach State Park

Drupe red, rarely yellow, lustrous, globose, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.