Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


843

Shrub
Perennial
Dioecious or polygamo-dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in rich alluvial forests, mesic forests on slopes with circumneutral soils, bottomlands, swamps, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Radially symmetrical
3-merous
6 deciduous tepals
9 fertile stamens on staminate flowers
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Laurales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Lindera benzoin   FAMILY Lauraceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lindera benzoin var. benzoin   FAMILY Lauraceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 084-04-001:
Lindera benzoin   FAMILY Lauraceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database
Lindera benzoin var. pubescens

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Benzoin aestivale

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Spicebush, Wild Allspice


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_beae_001_lvd

        

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_benzoin_spicebush

February        

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

Jerry Bright    jeb_linderabenzion

March    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Flowers in sessile/subsessile clusters. Perianth segments 6, about 2mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of Sassafras and Spicebush

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm130328_488

March    Pittsylvania County    VA

Danville Riverwalk Trail

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm130328_491b

March    Pittsylvania County    VA

Danville Riverwalk Trail

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm140322_373

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Bark thin, dark, smooth but with raised, conspicuous lenticels, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

Keith Bradley    kab_lindera_benzoin_1677

March    Polk County    NC

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_lindera_benzoin

March        

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm0404e_11

April    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Yellow flowers in dense axillary umbels appear before the leaves, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm120424_531

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaves ovate in shape, decreasing in size toward the base of the twig, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Silverbell, Spicebush and Storax

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm120424_649

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaves spicy-scented when crushed, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm160421_349

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    s070526_b

May    Polk County    NC

Leaf apex decidedly acuminate; margin ciliate, entire; base tapered or cuneate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm090706_003

July    Mitchell County    NC

Hedgerow

Flowers in umbellate clusters. Drupe red [when ripe], ellipsoid, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm170818_702

August    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

Rarely does it reach this size!

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm0409e_03

September    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

When found on upland slopes, an excellent indicator of base-rich soils, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm0409e_04

September    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_lindera_benzoin_6

September        

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm121006_350

October    Washington County    VA

Virginia Creeper Trail

Fruit is a bright deep red, oblong, and fragrant when crushed, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Lauraceae family

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    jkm0511d_21

November    Jackson County    NC

Roadside

picture of Lindera benzoin, image of Lindera benzoin

JK Marlow    s051106_k

November    Jackson County    NC

Roadside