Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


898

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in NC, SC)

Look for it in mesic forests, primarily over limestone, other calcareous sedimentary rocks (calcareous shales, sandstones, etc) or mafic rocks (east of the Blue Ridge), mesic hammocks in Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate, crowded at branch tips & appearing whorled ("umbrella-like")

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Creamy-white
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
6-12 petals
Numerous stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Aggregate of follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Magnolia macrophylla   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Magnolia macrophylla   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 080-02-003:
Magnolia macrophylla   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bigleaf Magnolia, Large-leaved Magnolia, Umbrella Tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mama2_001_lvd

        

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_macrophylla2

February        

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_012

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_015

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

Leaves whitened and hairy below, mostly 18-28" long, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_017

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_023

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

Leaf blades heart-shaped or lobed at base, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_038

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

Bark brown, thin, slightly warty, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_043

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

False whorls of leaves at branch tips impart an umbrella-like appearance, per South Carolina's Native Magnolias. Journal of the SC Native Plant Society (Figlar, 2007).

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_049

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

Bark thin, gray, smooth, forming small inconspicuous plates on older trees, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

JK Marlow    jkm070506_082

May    Gaston County    NC

Redlair Farms

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmmacrophylla_1

May        

Petals frequently have conspicuous purplish blotches near base inside, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmmacrophylla_6

May        

Petals 15-20cm long, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmmacrophylla_7

May        

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmmacrophylla_92

May        

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmmacrophylla_93

May        

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_macrophylla_2

August        

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_macrophylla_big

August        

The largest simple leaves of any tree in North America, per Landscaping with Native Trees.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Ron Lance    rwl_mmacrophylla2

September        

In cultivation

Fruit pinkish when ripe, finely hairy, globular, 3-4" long, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_macro_cnc_1

November        

Chattahoochee Nature Center

Terminal buds often >25mm long w pointed tip, covered w white-silky hairs, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmmacrophylla_tripetal

Month Unknown        

On left M. tripetala, on right M. macrophylla


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species

image of Magnolia macrophylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmmacrophylla_wl3

Month Unknown        

Lower surface of leaf white and with fine silvery hairs, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.