Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


4329

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare overall, but common in and around Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Look for it on wooded slopes, usually at low elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Pedicel 1-10+cm long
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Trillium erectum var. album   FAMILY Trilliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-03-006a?:
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Trillium erectum

 

COMMON NAME:
White-flowered Red Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium erectum var. album, White-flowered Red Trillium

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_trer3_001_lvd

        

Apparently genetically distinct from T. erectum var. erectum, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Trillium erectum var. album, White-flowered Red Trillium

JK Marlow    jkm170413_569

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stamens & ovary (cup) totally exposed. Sepals & petals (saucer) spreading, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium erectum var. album, White-flowered Red Trillium

JK Marlow    jkm0405k_30

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

All Trillium erectum have a dark ovary, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of white-flowering Trilliums